Sat 20 Feb 2016
Ubuntu Pre-Compiled Kernel Installation
If you are not familar with Ubuntu - a good overveiw of this execellent free operating system’s features can be found here: Ubuntu
The instructions below are for obtaining and installing a pre-compiled Ubuntu kernel, from the ubuntu.com kernel web site.
The instructions explain how a computer already running the Ubuntu operating system can use the latest Ubuntu kernel available from the Ubuntu Kernel web site.
The kernels are provided by the Ubuntu community, and are pre-compiled for you - so all you have to do is download and install the one you want.
This approach will often let you enjoy the latest Linux kernel features and obtain any performance improvements included - without having to wait for your Ubuntu distribution release to be updated first, or go through the compile process yourself!
These kernels include the Ubuntu specific features and patches, but are built using the mainstream Linux Kernel source code also - so the best of both worlds if you are a Ubuntu user.
Obviously bear in mind that these kernels are installed at your own risk - so if you have doubts about doing this, it is probably best to wait until the newer kernel is included as part of a software update, or newer Ubuntu release.
I choose this route as I needed a number of newer kernel fixes to ensure my Microsoft Surface Pro 3 Type Cover keyboard worked properly, and as a consequence I also obtained newer kernel features and improvements too! I did not fancy going through the compile process myself - as it takes a little while to compile a Linux Kernel on the Surface Pro 3 computer, and this method is practically instant.
As a sideline - the Reddit Surface Linix pages are a great source of support and information for running Linux on this particular hardware.
Obtaining the Ubuntu Kernel
The Ubuntu kernel needs to be downloaded from the Ubuntu web site located here:
Scroll down the above web page to locate the kernels available for your current distribution (ie Ubuntu 15.10 is called ‘Wily’), and then select the highest kernel version you want to use. Note that some of the kernels provided are ‘release candidates’ - identified by ‘rc’ in their names. Choose a non ‘rc’ version if you need stability over the very newest features and of course potential bugs.
For example the latest Wily (Ubuntu 15.10) kernel version 4.4 can be found in the directory here at the time of writing:
Additional higher versions will be added from time to time, so check for additional v4.4.x kernel versions as needed.
Once in the correct directory for the kernel version that you have chosen to use, you will see a selection of files. If you want to know what improvements and fixes the particular kernel version includes, then look in the file called: ‘CHANGES’. There is also a file called ‘README’ in each directory too - that contains additional helpful information.
If you wish to proceed with trying this particular kernel on your own computer, you need to download the following three ‘.deb’ files for each kernel installation - assuming you don’t need any of the alternative specialised kernels of course!
The computer used in the example described below is a Microsoft Surface Pro 3, which is a 64bit computer and is running Ubuntu Wily 15.10 64 bit operating system. Your own needs may differ - if the generic kernel is unsuitable to your own use case or computer hardware, then select the corresponding alternative files to those presented here - the overall process is the same though.
Note that in the file names shown below, the ‘xxxx’ element is the version number of the kernel - so it will vary based on your own kernel version number selection.
The files to download are:
The Linux headers specific to you machine type (ie amd64) and kernel usage (ie generic) - so file ‘linux-header-xxxx-generic-amd64.deb’:
The ‘linux-headers-xxxx-all.deb’ which is generic to any of the other two files listed here (ie the other headers and image files):
The Linux kernel image file is the third file needed, so to match the above files already downloaded, obtain ‘linux-image-xxxx-amd64.deb’ - again specific to your machine (ie amd64):
The above three files are needed for each Linux Kernel upgrade on a 64bit generic computer.
Download them and put them in their own directory on your computer, so they don’t get mixed up with other similar kernel versions and files you may have already downloaded.
Install the New Kernel
Once the three files are obtained, you can install the newly downloaded kernel
.deb files (ie see instructions above). The three files obtained that are
required for each upgrade are:
» linux-headers-4.4.0-040400-generic_4.4.0-040400.201601101930_amd64.deb » linux-image-4.4.0-040400-generic_4.4.0-040400.201601101930_amd64.deb » linux-headers-4.4.0-040400_4.4.0-040400.201601101930_all.deb
These can be installed with the command line below - where the three files are the only ones on the current directory of course:
» sudo dpkg -i linux-headers* linux-image*
If after installing the kernel using the above command, there are dependency issues reported, you can run the following command to try to fix them:
» sudo apt-get -f upgrade
You will also need to update update Grub to ensure the computer boots from the the new kernel with the command:
» sudo grub-install
You should now be able to reboot and test your new kernel installation!
Once you reboot your computer you can check what kernel version it is running with the command:
» uname -a
Fixing Issues with Boot Problems
Hopefully the above process runs well, and your computer runs the newly installed kernel without issue.
Before you install however, you should really familiarise yourself with howto fixing Ubuntu boot problems - just in case! This information is worth knowing anyway…
The Techradar web site has a good article which maybe of interest Techradar - How to repair Ubuntu if it won’t boot
There are of course plenty of other helpful resources on the internet too should you run into problems - just search on Google for solutions!
Updated Information - Wily Kernel 4.4.3
On the 25 feb 2016 a new version of the Wily-4.4.x Ubuntu kernel was made available as v4.4.3-wily.
Based on the artcile above (ie to suit a 64bit generic kernel requirement) I downloaded the following files:
Save the above three files in a directory on there own, and then run the following command in the Ubuntu Terminal, in that directory:
sudo dpkg -i linux-headers* linux-image*
Once the new Ubuntu Kernel files where installed, I then ran the following two commands (just as a precation) - but no additional packages were installed on my particular system - that may vary for yours of course!:
sudo apt-get -f upgrade sudo grub-install
Follow the other steps in the main article above if you need more information.
The are a significant number of patches and files in this v4.4.3 kernel - as listed in the accompanying CHANGES file.